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The Holy Spirit

Stonebrook Community Church http://www.stonebrook.org


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There has long been controversy in the church on this topic. I have the distinct pleasure of introducing to you the topic of our 7 week series – the Holy Spirit!

5 basic questions to give us an overview:

  • Who is the Spirit?
  • What is the Spirit?
  • When is the Spirit?
  • Where is the Spirit?
  • Why is the Spirit?

Obviously those are not complete questions in themselves but it’s pretty easy to use them as a framework to discuss an overview of the Holy Spirit and his work.



God is three in one – Trinity and The Spirit is God.

2 Corinthians 13:14   The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all.

What do we know about God?

There is one God.

Deuteronomy 6:4-5   Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one. You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might.

Though God is One, He is three Persons.

Mark 1:9-11   In those days Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee and was baptized by John in the Jordan. And when he came up out of the water, immediately he saw the heavens being torn open and the Spirit descending on him like a dove. And a voice came from heaven, "You are my beloved Son; with you I am well pleased."

Salvation is about partaking of the love and fellowship of the Trinity. The self-giving, outward focus of God’s love is the basis for our self-giving, outward focus in mission. That’s why we are called to lose our lives in order to gain them (Mark 8:35). It’s in giving of ourselves and delighting in God and in others that we reflect His love to the world around us.

The Father, Son, and Spirit are equally and fully God.

1 Pet. 1:1-2  Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who are elect exiles of the dispersion in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, in the sanctification of the Spirit, for obedience to Jesus Christ and for sprinkling with his blood: May grace and peace be multiplied to you.

For there is one Person of the Father, another of the Son, and another of the Holy Spirit. But the godhead of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, is all one, the glory equal, the majesty co-eternal.

Athanasian Creed (500 AD)

The Doctrine of the Trinity.

The three vitally important truths regarding the Bible’s presentation of God:

  1. God is One.
  2. God is three Persons, the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
  3. These three Persons (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit) are equally and fully God.

The point of knowing about God is that we come to know God. Theology is not an exercise in head-scratching puzzles but a discipline that should lead to heart-stirring emotions. In this session, we’ve seen the biblical truth that we serve one God in three Persons. The goal of Christian teaching is love, and love is what we see when we peer into the mystery of the Trinity. Love is the source of our existence, and love sums up the goal of our lives. The triune God made us for Himself. O come, let us adore Him!

The Spirit is God.

Application: Because the Spirit is God we can understand love better. Without the trinity – God is selfish and lonely – he needs to something else to love. He isn’t sufficient and complete in himself without the trinity. And if the Spirit isn’t God then we’re getting some sort of lesser thing – or there are many gods …



The relates to who but let’s dive a little deeper into the substance of the Spirit. A person who is alive, speaks and can be grieved. Without body or form yet is revealed as wind, fire and a dove. Specifically:

A person who has a will.

1 Corinthians 12:11  All these are empowered by one and the same Spirit, who apportions to each one individually as he wills.

A person who loves.

Romans 15:30  I appeal to you, brothers, by our Lord Jesus Christ and by the love of the Spirit, to strive together with me in your prayers to God on my behalf,

A person who can be grieved. Ephesians 4:30   And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.

We can see in the Scriptures that the Holy Spirit is a Person, not just because of the titles given to Him but also the actions attributed to Him. The Holy Spirit can be grieved (Eph. 4:30). He can be quenched (1 Thess. 5:19). He can be resisted (Acts 7:51). He also speaks in Acts to Philip and to the Leaders in Antioch

The Spirit is a Person to interact with
Application: Because the Spirit is a person we can interact with him

Without the Spirit as a person we have an impersonal force that doesn’t feel for us or care about us. It’s like Star Wars where there is the power there but no personality – this mysterious other non-being. You can’t have a relationship or even a conversation with out personality, emotions and life.



The Spirit comes in a new way – The Spirit makes possible our relationship with God (There is no 2nd filling but there is living by the spirit – walking by the spirit). This may seem like an odd question at first blush because the Spirit as God is eternal but in relationship to us and the OT it’s important.

Temporary in the Old Testament.

Psalm 51:11  Cast me not away from your presence, and take not your Holy Spirit from me. The Spirit was upon Saul but got taken away!

Promised by Jesus.

John 14:16-17   And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Helper, to be with you forever, even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him. You know him, for he dwells with you and will be in you.

In every believer.

Ephesians 1:13-14   In him you also, when you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation, and believed in him, were sealed with the promised Holy Spirit, who is the guarantee of our inheritance until we acquire possession of it, to the praise of his glory.

Similar verse says it in the negative – if you don’t got the Spirit you aren’t in.

Romans 8:9-10   You, however, are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if in fact the Spirit of God dwells in you. Anyone who does not have the Spirit of Christ does not belong to him. But if Christ is in you, although the body is dead because of sin, the Spirit is life because of righteousness.

The Spirit comes when we believe and will never leave.
Application: Believe and have the Spirit.

Without this the Spirit is something we have to hope shows up and stays with us like in the OT. We don’t have any assurance or security in our relationship. We also can wonder if we have all the Spirit or just part of the Spirit.



The Spirit assures our closeness to God.

The Spirit who dwells in you.

1 Corinthians 3:16   Do you not know that you are God's temple and that God's Spirit dwells in you?

Galatians 4:6   And because you are sons, God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, "Abba! Father!"

Galatians 5:16-26  But I say, walk by the Spirit, and you will not gratify the desires of the flesh. For the desires of the flesh are against the Spirit, and the desires of the Spirit are against the flesh, for these are opposed to each other, to keep you from doing the things you want to do. But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the law. Now the works of the flesh are evident: sexual immorality, impurity, sensuality, idolatry, sorcery, enmity, strife, jealousy, fits of anger, rivalries, dissensions, divisions, envy, drunkenness, orgies, and things like these. I warn you, as I warned you before, that those who do such things will not inherit the kingdom of God. But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control; against such things there is no law. And those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires.   If we live by the Spirit, let us also walk by the Spirit. Let us not become conceited, provoking one another, envying one another.

The fruit of the Spirit – the result of the Spirit’s presence IN YOU should be these things. Because we have the Spirit living inside of us we can do these things – it becomes possible for us. Realize that the Spirit is inside of you all the time knowing what you know and see and do.

“Trying to do the Lord’s work in your own strength is the most confusing, exhausting and tedious of all work. But when you are filled with the Holy Spirit, then the ministry of Jesus just flows out of you.” –Corrie ten Boom (1892-1983)

The Spirit lives in us giving us life.
Application: Let’s live and be led by him!

Without this we can feel distant from God. But he is right there ever present help in time of need. God himself with us. And the life that we get could be just ordinary without this. But we can actually be led by him to do the things that he calls us to. We can live the life that he gives us to live.



The Spirit empowers us as we fulfill God’s mission (together). Why do we have the Spirit inside us?

To empower us as witnesses.

Acts 1:8   But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you, and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth.

To teach us – we have the written word of God but I believe the Spirit opens our minds and hearts to receive it and learn.

John 14:26   But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you.

To keep the Gospel pure – maintain its integrity.

2 Timothy 1:14   By the Holy Spirit who dwells within us, guard the good deposit entrusted to you.

Application: Live by the Spirit.

The Spirit gives us power as we fulfill God’s mission. This mission that we’ve been sent on is overwhelming – we are called to be witnesses to the ends of the earth!!! We desperately need this power if we are to do what is asked of us.


  • Who is the Spirit? The Spirit is God and God is three in one.
  • What is the Spirit? A Person to interact with.
  • When is the Spirit? The Spirit comes when we believe and never leaves.
  • Where is the Spirit? He lives in us giving us life.
  • Why is the Spirit? The Spirit gives us power as we fulfill God’s mission.


2 Corinthians 13:14   The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all.